Publication Title : Seasonal-spatial distributions, congener profile, and risk assessment of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBS)
Publicationed By : Dr. Md Saiful Islam
Publication Publication Date : 2018-09-20 00:00:00
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Publication Description :
A comprehensive congener specific assessment of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was conducted for the first time in Bangladesh. All 209 PCB congeners in the surficial coastal sediments from the coastal areas of Bangladesh were analyzed by GC-MS/MS. The total concentrations of PCBs (ΣPCBs) varied from 5.27 to 92.21 and 4.61 to 105.3 ng/g dw in winter and summer, respectively, and the ranges were comparable to or higher than those recorded in the sediments from the coastal areas of India, Korea, China, and Taiwan. The seasonal difference in the levels of PCBs was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). The spatial distribution revealed that the areas with recent urbanization and industrialization (Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar and Sundarbans) were more contaminated with PCBs than the unindustrialized area (Meghna Estuary). Moderately chlorinated (4–6 Cl) homologs dominated PCB profiles. A set of congeners based on their detection frequencies and abundance were identified and categorized as potential environmental marker PCBs, which can be used for the future selective monitoring studies where there would be limitations on whole congener assessment. Ecotoxicologically, the sedimentary PCB concentrations exceeded some of the existing environmental quality standards, suggesting a potential threat to the aquatic organisms in the Bangladeshi coastal areas.